Mensagens do Presidente da FMTC, Jean-Paul Lainé, a António Guterres e Donald Trump

O Presidente da Federação Mundial dos Trabalhadores Científicos, Jean-Paul Lainé, mandatado pelo Secretariado Internacional da Federação Mundial, do qual faz parte o Presidente da Direcção da OTC, enviou ao Secretário-Geral das Nações Unidas, António Guterres, a mensagem que pode ser lida aqui. A mensagem sublinha a relevância do papel que a Organização das Nações Unidas pode e deve desempenhar na procura e implementação de soluções para os grandes desafios do nosso tempo, designadamente, na proibição dos armamentos nucleares; no cumprimento do estabelecido no Tratado do Espaço; no combate às alterações climáticas e por uma transição energética que privilegie as energias renováveis; e, ainda, na promoção de uma cooperação construtiva e pacífica entre as nações, em particular nos domínios da Ciência e da Tecnologia.

O Presidente da FMTC enviou igualmente uma mensagem ao Presidente dos Estados Unidos da América, DonaldTrump. Destacamos algumas passagens dessa mensagem, que pode ser vista aqui, designadamente a ênfase posta na responsabilidade social dos trabalhadores científicos, “sejam eles investigadores, docentes, engenheiros ou técnicos” posta à prova pelo impacte dos conhecimentos que detêm e da investigação que prosseguem, no futuro da sociedade e na sua sustentabilidade. “Muitos dos nossos colegas ― afirma Jean-Paul Lainé ― quer no vosso país quer no resto do mundo, tomam conhecimento com preocupação das afirmações que faz e das primeiras decisões que anuncia.” Mostram-se preocupados “como cidadãos mas também como profissionais, como cientistas”. A FMTC ― sublinha ainda Jean-Paul Lainé ― foi fundada por físicos, em particular, físicos nucleares, plenamente conscientes dos perigos e dos desafios associados a certas aplicações dos avanços científicos para os quais contribuíram. A FMTC orienta, por isso, os seus esforços no sentido de evitar um conflito nuclear que, inevitavelmente, poria em risco a própria continuidade da vida sobre a Terra. “Acreditamos na necessidade ― acrescenta ― do desarmamento nuclear (…) e apoiamos o Tratado de Não Proliferação (TNP) ”.

 

Opening address of the WFSW’s President Prof. Jean-Paul Lainé

 at the

86th Executive Council Meeting, in Minsk, Belarus

September 16, 2016

      Contents:

      Introduction

The international situation

The situation in the world of science

The responsibilities and activity of the WFSW

The tasks of this 86th Executive Council session

Dear colleagues,

I. Introduction

First of all, I would like to thank the Academy of Sciences of Belarus, which honored us by hosting this 86th Executive Council meeting as well as our other activities of the week: first of all the public symposium held yesterday devoted to "Climate Change: the Role of Alternative Energies", then the meetings of the working groups and sessions of the International Secretariat. I would also like to greet the Academy of Sciences of Russia, which also helped us to guarantee good working conditions this week.

I would like to thank the trade unions of the staff of the Academies of Sciences of Belarus and Russia, which concretely organized these meetings in close cooperation with our International Secretariat and the operational Bureau of the Federation. I would like to mention specially Andreï Ivanets and Vyacheslav Vdovine.

15 de Março de 2017
Dia Mundial contra a Precariedade Laboral na Investigação Científica: Obstáculo ao Progresso Humano e ao Progresso da Ciência

O Conselho Executivo da Federação Mundial dos Trabalhadores Científicos decidiu, na sua recente reunião em Minsk, lançar um Apelo para uma campanha de luta de âmbito mundial contra o emprego precário na investigação científica, culminando em 15 de Março de 2017 num Dia Mundial contra a Precariedade. O Apelo, que divulgamos abaixo, é dirigido a todas as organizações que representem trabalhadores científicos, independentemente da sua natureza de associação profissional ou sindical. Neste contexto está já criado um blog aberto, destinado a recolher testemunhos e propostas de quaisquer interessados, a título individual ou colectivo.

O Apelo reconhece e sublinha o facto de a precariedade além de se reflectir negativamente nas condições de vida e de trabalho dos investigadores, condicionar a qualidade e o conteúdo da investigação que na prática é executada ou é possível executar. A OTC procurará pelos meios ao seu alcance não só divulgar o Apelo mas também dar a contribuição possível para o êxito da campanha de luta contra a precariedade laboral na investigação que, em Portugal, afecta milhares de trabalhadores científicos.

A Direcção


 

Executive Council - Minsk, September 22, 2016

 

Job precariousness in scientific research:
an obstacle to scientific and human progress
Appeal for a worldwide campaign and a World Day on March 15, 2017
 

Many organizations of scientists in the world are mobilizing against the increase in job precariousness and the decline in the quality of scientific and technical research.

The job precariousness of scientists is growing, and as a result:

  • Living and working conditions are more difficult.
  • Limited duration job contracts are becoming widespread.
  • The professional future for many scientists is becoming uncertain.

The quality and content of research are affected

  • Short-term results take precedence over long-term results.
  • Certain subjects are abandoned, in particular in basic research.
  • Profitability and competitiveness and become dominant criteria.
  • Private management has become widespread and reduces academic freedoms.
  • Public research is being called into question.

We propose to act together to reverse this trend so as to:

  • Obtain stable jobs for women and men, researchers, teachers, engineers, technicians, young graduates.
  • Direct scientific and technical activity toward the free growth of knowledge and its broadest dissemination, toward the response to the needs of humankind and the challenges it must face, to achieve peace and democracy, eradicate famine and disease, and stop global warming.

                        ***

It is for these reasons that we have proposed to organize a World Day on March 15, 2017 so that in each country one or several initiatives bring together scientists and inform populations, and that demands be presented to public authorities

.

We also propose to create, with other international organizations, delegations representing all parties before UNESCO, UN organizations and regional institutions.

We have set up a blog website for testimonials and propositions.

  • The purpose is to establish, within the variety of situations, the reality of the problem, the reality of its worldwide character.
  • This also makes it possible to illustrate the impact of job precariousness on the quality of research.
  • This is an appeal to open up paths to a new policy for the sciences.
    Lastly, it is necessary to propose objectives for action, broad unity, and organization to prepare this World Day
    .

Each individual can contribute testimonials and propositions on the trilingual blog in French, English and Spanish. One Facebook page is provided for contributions in each language. The blog is presented at the following address:

http://www.insecurescience.org

We propose to any scientific organization, whether it be a trade union or professional organization, to participate in this World Day, in these initiatives, and in the blog, and to define the way it wishes to participate.

 

  

 

Condemnation of the series of attacks perpetrated by Daesh :  Solidarity and Lucidity

 The WFSW condemns the horrible attacks, the veritable massacres for which the ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, also called “Daesh”) has claimed credit. In a few weeks, from Ankara to Paris, as well as Sharm-el-Sheik and Beirut, victims number in the hundreds.

 The WFSW shares the emotion that has swept the entire planet. This emotion and this condemnation must generate solidarity and reflection. We present our condolences to the families and to those close to all the victims, Kurdish and Turkish pacifists as well as Parisians, along with Russian tourists and the inhabitants of Bourj El-Baraneh in Beirut.

We refuse the climate of fear, division, and the false solutions like those that lead to less democracy and to more police state measures. Such solutions would in fact be a success for the leaders of the ISIL.

 As the representative of associations, NGOs, and trade unions in the field of scientific research, the WFSW calls upon the populations to overcome their emotion, to inform themselves truly, and to reflect collectively so as to influence political decision-makers. What are the facts?  What are the causes? What are the sustainable solutions?

 These attacks were decided upon by known leaders, who dominate a known territory, with known financial resources. Their power was established on the ruins of interventions carried out by Western nations. But no cause can justify this barbarity. Their religious justifications are only pretexts. The attacks in Paris were carried out by disoriented and indoctrinated young persons.

 We have several certainties: to eliminate the ISIL from the Middle East it will not suffice to send in bombers and other of the most sophisticated flying objects. Peace can come only from a political and military solution under the auspices of the United Nations, a solution including the peoples of the region and guaranteeing them the resources which they need to live, the freedom of thought as well as the freedom to choose their way of life. Young people will not fall into intellectual and personal suicide if they live in a less violent society for them and if they have access to knowledge, in particular to critical knowledge.

 There is no peace or security without justice or truth.

Paris, November 20, 2015

 

World Day against the precariousness of scientific workers and in favour of a scientific research at the service of people”

Call to all scientific workers' organizations

Let us prepare together a “World Day against the precariousness of scientific workers and in favour of a scientific research at the service of people”. This action should occur by the end of 2016.

The main motivations for this action stand out:                             

In most countries, precariousness of research staff, including youth and women, is widespread and increasing. This is resulting in:

·        The deterioration of wages, employment and living conditions for scientific workers;

·        The discouragement and abandonment of scientific careers and the discredit of the scientific professions by the public.

There is a close link between the increasing precariousness of scientific employment and the decline in the quality of scientific research.

Furthermore, following the recommendations of international organizations, such as the OECD, many countries are converging in their restructuring policies of Research and Higher Education, leading to:

·        Development of a private and bureaucratic type of management, in scientific organizations, by directions or external appointed bodies;

·        A general decrease in the investment in science, namely in equipment, infrastructures and human resources;

·        Increase in short-term projects and research, focused on limited objectives;

·        Research steering by funding projects and external partners, reducing the autonomy of researchers and increasing restrictions to academic freedom.

Combined, these policy choices are resulting in the rise of uncertainty of scientific careers, affecting the quality of research. Many research objectives, including at fundamental level, are neglected in favour of a few priority research areas, through biased funding, promoting science with profitable outcomes (in terms of the financial value and potential commercial exploitation of scientific results). Labour relations are hardening and competition under the guise of "Excellence" is spreading in laboratories, with negative consequences for scientific research.

Therefore, it becomes necessary to unite scientists and scientific organizations on a collective public alert focusing the consequences of this situation for research and society. Scientists also have the duty to propose alternative research policies to provide for the cultural and material needs of mankind.

We are careful not to isolate scientists from other workers, also suffering dramatic precariousness. Hence, the convergence of actions is desirable, especially during this World Day. Actions should aim at fighting precariousness in general (increased income and job stability, social guarantees, new rights, etc.), but also to address objectives of research:

* In basic research, to respond to the demand for knowledge and cultural development, ensuring the respect for academic freedom;

* In applied research, to improve all human activities within a framework of sustainable and peaceful development;

* To promote cooperation and democracy in society and therefore in research, assuming that scientists can be involved in all decisions concerning them.

* To promote science and critical thinking in society.

The mobilization around the aforementioned objectives, namely against precariousness, has already lead to the creation of organizations of young scientists in countries like Spain, Portugal and France. In recent years, the intervention of such organizations has gained public notoriety at national and international level.

The World Day could also allow the promotion of the UNESCO 1974 Recommendation, concerning the Status of Scientific Researchers, and its required update.

We propose to arrange the conditions for a broader expression of this event, which could be held during the last months of 2016.

The mobilization of WFSW affiliates is evident. It is up to them, in full cooperation with scientists and organizations in their countries, to decide slogans, forms of organization and initiatives for the World day.

On this occasion, scientific delegations could be synchronized with national, regional and global institutions, such as governments, the European Commission and UNESCO.

The WFSW and her decision-making bodies will strive to promote the objectives of this day, relay all preparations and related expressions of opinion.

WFSW

Paris, February 1, 2016

Nota Informativa da OTC

O APELO acima é lançado pelo Conselho Executivo da Federação Mundial dos Trabalhadores Científicos para divulgação pública alargada. A OTC foi consultada e contribuiu para a redacção final.