OFFICIAL STATEMENT OF THE WFSW ON THE REFORM OF THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION

The United Nations Organization does not play fully the role for which it was created. Many voices, including the ones of certain Member States are asking for its reform,

The Scientific community is concerned with the role of the United Nations: Scientific workers are citizens but, in addition, their professional competences can be requested, for example for the monitoring of agreements on armaments, climate, food, health, information, etc. And conversely, problems specific to science are not independent of the geopolitical context in which they are posed: the condition of researchers, teachers and engineers, the openness of scientific information, the marketing of scientific knowledge, etc.

For these reasons and because the WFSW is a worldwide organization, she must be able to deliver her opinion on the role of the United Nations and on the necessity of their reform. It does not lie within the scope of the responsibilities of the WFSW (or her competences) to propose an overall reform, “point by point”, of the United Nations. But the World Federation must have an opinion on questions of principle at the base of a reform.

The WFSW is ready to support in particular the following stances:

I-Authority, efficiency, unicity of structure, means of action

The Secretary General of UNO should have the means to efficiently implement the resolutions of the General Assembly and the decisions voted by the Security Council. In particular he should have the required military and financial means, as well as intelligence means. These means should be at the disposal of the Secretary General himself. Additional means might be given to the Secretary General by member states.

The objectives of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and of the World Trade Organization should be defined by the General Assembly of the United Nations. These organizations should be placed effectively under the authority of the Secretary General of the United Nations.

In the event of a crisis or of a conflict, actions that are not taken within the framework of the resolutions of the United Nations must be explicitly regarded as illegitimate.

II.-The Security Council

Among the permanent members, all regions of the world must be represented on an equal basis, without consideration of economic weight.

If it is agreed to include several additional permanent members, all the permanent members must have the same rights. There should not be two categories of permanent members, those with right of veto and those without right of veto.

The number of permanent members must remain sufficiently limited to be effective.

III-Sanctions and the right of interference

Experience shows that economic sanctions generally penalize the population of the country sanctioned without forcing its leaders to respect the resolutions of the Security Council. The priority must be given to political sanctions. Article 41 the Charter should be amended in this direction.

The decision of an armed intervention in any country must necessarily be taken with the agreement of all permanent members.

Chapter VII of the charter relates to “Action with respect to threats to peace, breaches of peace, and acts of aggression”. In this chapter, articles 42 to 49 relate to the recourse to force. It is imperative that any “interference”, be decided and managed by the Security Council and only by it. This principle must be respected whatever the origin of the problem or the region where the problem arises, and must be directed towards the prevention of war or acts of aggression and the reestablishment of peace and security in the troubled regions.

Subparagraph 3 of article 43, of the Charter of the United Nations provides that the Security Council can pass agreements either with “Members of the Organization” or with “groups of Members of the Organization”. In any circumstances, a military action must be placed under the direct and exclusive responsibility of the Security Council. Article 43, subparagraph 3, must be modified. In this context, the existence of politico-military blocks should be prohibited and any existent such blocks abolished.

The WFSW would like to open a debate:

Should the General Assembly of the UN have real legislative capacities?

Would the creation of a “Parliament of peoples” be a good thing? This Parliament would have capacities equal to those of the General Assembly of the UN? If so, what should be its composition, what should be its role? This question, in fact, is the one of the role of the civil society.

Would it be desirable that certain regional organizations enter in the Security Council of the UN?

WFSW, Paris, February 1, 2016

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COMMENTS FROM OTC RELATIVE TO THE QUESTIONS RAISED IN THE FINAL PARAGRAPHS OF THE WFSW DRAFT DOCUMENT SUBMITTED TO THE CONSIDERATION OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL MEMBERS

The WFSW would like to open a debate:

QUESTION: Should the General Assembly of the UN have real legislative capacities?

ANSWER: Yes, in principle. One can however not exclude that in certain cases should the General Assembly acquire legislative capacities, measures collectively decided and approved by that body may collide with legitimate prerogatives of sovereignty and independence of member states. It is doubtful that in the present conditions of the world and of international relations the proposal would obtain the required level of acceptance.

QUESTIONS: Would the creation of a “Parliament of peoples” be a good thing? This Parliament would have capacities equal to those of the General Assembly of the UN? If so, what should be its composition, what should be its role? This question, in fact, is the one of the role of the civil society.

ANSWER: A “Parliament of the Peoples” (whatever that might mean) is in the present circumstances of the world something that does not deserve serious consideration. We have, in my opinion, a long way to go before something that could be described by such words may exist with a minimum of effective intervention in world politics.

However, the role of organized citizens (or the so-called “civil society”) is doubtless of the utmost importance. It is thus in the interest of peoples to develop, among other grass-roots initiatives, the World Social Forum. The Forum activists should strive to give it increased visibility and influence on public opinion and in the ruling circles. Including in the UN System.

QUESTION: Would it be desirable that certain regional organizations enter in the Security Council of the UN?

ANSWER: We do not think so. It is doubtful that it would contribute to the desirable democratization of the Council.

                                                                                                                               END OF COMMENTS

Dec. 31st, 2015

The Board of Directors of OTC

 

 85º Conselho Executivo da Federação Mundial dos Trabalhadores Científicos (FMTC)
Barcelona, Maio 2015
 
Exposição Introdutória do Presidente Jean-Paul Lainé

Senhor Representante do Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Caros Colegas

1. Agradecimentos

Gostaria de vos agradecer por aqui estarem e desejar boas-vindas:

aos membros do Conselho Executivo (CE) que puderam libertar-se de outros compromissos para estar presentes;

aos nossos convidados presentes a título de observador, que se mostraram interessados nas nossas actividades, e que connosco vêem trabalhar por alguns dias;

a outros participantes de organizações filiadas ou que desejam vir a filiar-se ― várias organizações, e, por isso, as felicito, participam aqui com uma delegação de 2 ou 3 membros ― e, ainda, aos membros individuais da nossa Federação.

Em nome do secretariado da FMTC, quero agradecer a Elies Molins por ter proposto, há mais de um ano, receber-nos em Barcelona e, ter em seguida, tornado possível a realização desse projecto. Creio recordar-me que foi no regresso da nossa Assembleia Geral realizada na Rússia, que analisámos a questão, na presença de Patrick Monfort, sugerindo este que, em 2014, o 84º CE se realizasse em Meudon, nas instalações do Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS). Nesta oportunidade agradeço também a Montse Salas, colaboradora de Elies, a sua preciosa ajuda. Quero agradecer também o acolhimento de La Caixa que nos recebe hoje nestas belíssimas instalações.

             CosmoCaixa-Museu de Ciência, Barcelona, gerido por "La Caixa"

 

 

Apelo do Conselho Executivo da FMTC

 

Acesso à água para todos:

um direito humano fundamental

O Conselho Executivo da FMTC faz seu o apelo aprovado no Fórum «Acesso à água para todos em África, um direito humano fundamental», que se realizou em Yamoussoukro, Costa do Marfim, nos dias 30 e 31 de Julho de 2014, em que a FMTC participou.

O Conselho Executivo afirma que:

1- Sendo o acesso à água para todos um direito humano fundamental, defendemos que seja assegurado o mínimo para beber, cozinhar, para a higiene pessoal, garantindo 20 litros de água potável e gratuita por dia e por pessoa.

2- O acesso à água potável para todos condiciona o sucesso dos Objectivos do Milénio para o Desenvolvimento (OMD) contra a pobreza, pela Educação, a Saúde...

3- Para serem realizados, os OMD pós 2015 devem ser seguidos de cláusulas obrigatórias respeitadas por todos os Estados.

 

Comissão Internacional para o Desarmamento, a Segurança e a Paz

Declaração sobre

A AMEAÇA DE GUERRA NUCLEAR E AS POSSÍVEIS CONSEQUÊNCIAS DA UTILIZAÇÃO DE EXPLOSIVOS NUCLEARES

Há muitas décadas que os perigos associados à utilização de explosivos nucleares num teatro de guerra são preocupação maior da Federação Mundial dos Trabalhadores Científicos. A concepção de armas nucleares de sofisticação e potência explosiva crescentes, e a sua produção e armazenamento por um pequeno grupo de estados tem sido, desde que tiveram lugar em meados do século XX as primeiras explosões nucleares, e continua a ser, hoje, uma realidade.

Imediatamente após o fim da 2ª Guerra Mundial, numerosos trabalhadores Científicos incluindo vários Prémios Nobel, alertaram a opinião pública e procuraram informar decisores políticos influentes, para as terríveis consequências das explosões nucleares sobre a vida das pessoas e sobre o ambiente.

O nosso primeiro presidente e co-fundador da FMTC, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, resignou o lugar de Alto-Comissário para a Comissão Francesa de Energia Atómica quando o governo da França tomou a decisão de desenvolver a arma nuclear.

A partir de 1945 e até final da chamada “guerra fria”, o número de explosões nucleares de ensaio (“nuclear tests”), excedeu os dois milhares, sendo que mais de cinco centenas tiveram lugar na atmosfera terrestre. Estima-se que a potência total dos explosivos detonados tenha atingido um valor equivalente a 540 milhões de toneladas de TNT, valor que é aproximadamente 8000 vezes a potência do engenho explosivo lançado sobre Hiroshima. Uma explosão nuclear pode provocar a destruição maciça quer de seres vivos quer de estruturas inertes. Pela conjugação de diferentes efeitos, pode conduzir a morte imediata mas também a sequelas desfasadas no tempo que afectam a saúde quer em resultado da exposição directa às radiações quer pelos efeitos da contaminação do meio ambiente resultante da disseminação de poeiras radioactivas.

Em consequência da deflagração, podem ser geradas temperaturas de vários milhares de graus centígrados na zona do impacto bem como ventos com velocidades que podem exceder 1000 quilómetros por hora. Estes efeitos levam à formação de tempestades de fogo de enorme poder destrutivo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WFSW’s Statement and Appeal Concerning the Situation in Ukraine

For Peace and Negotiations

The World Federation of Scientific Workers (WFSW) expresses its profound concern over the building-up of regional armed conflicts in different parts of the world where extreme violence and the seemingly irreconcilable positions of the opposing parties lead to unacceptable human sufferings and a terrible destruction of human life, means of production and economies.

Following the ongoing conflicts in Syria, Sudan, Afghanistan and Iraq, the international community witnesses the recent break out of violent clashes in Ukraine, in the very heart of Europe.

In a crumbling economy, in the midst of growing chaos, a breeding ground for political extremism, the imposition of sanctions and of all kinds of restrictions with the ensuing disruption of human relations and contacts worsens the situation. That context particularly affects the scientific community and hinders the normal development of the scientific endeavour.

The WFSW recalls that exactly 100 years ago, the world was plunged into a world war due to the greed of powerful interests that aimed at controlling an entire continent. At a time when the means of destruction were considerably less lethal than they are today, this First World War brought destruction to an unprecedented scale, killed and incapacitated millions of human beings.

Today, for the survival of humanity, the opposing parties in a conflict will sooner or later have to engage bona fide in a peace process and in negotiations to find a compromise.

The WFSW calls upon all parties involved in the conflict in Ukraine to immediately put an end to violence and engage in the search for a peaceful and democratic solution to the conflict. It condemns any use of force and opposes any foreign intervention either by military action or economic pressure.

The WFSW expresses its most sincere condolences to the families of the victims and its solidarity with the scientific community as well as to all Ukrainian population.

WFSW, June 2, 2014

 

REUNIÃO EM PARIS DO 84º CONSELHO EXECUTIVO DA FEDERAÇÃO MUNDIAL DOS TRABALHADORES CIENTÍFICOS

Os trabalhos terão lugar no campus de Meudon-Bellevue do Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), próximo de Paris, e decorrerão entre os dias 22 e 25 de Setembro de 2014

(mais informação aqui)